The Justice Court are non-record courts meaning they are not required to make a permanent record of all proceedings; however, records are made in some instances.
Civil jurisdiction is limited to $10,000, and criminal jurisdiction is limited to petty offenses and misdemeanors punishable by a fine not exceeding $2,500 (exclusive of surcharges) or imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed 6 months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
Justice Courts have jurisdiction in cases of forcible entry and detainer where the judgment is not over the $10,000. The Justice Court also hears matters regarding possession of, but not title to, real property.
State law provides for a special small claims procedure in the Justice Court for claims not in excess of $2,500. This special procedure permits citizens involved in small lawsuits to resolve their disputes without the use of lawyers and permits the presiding judge of the Superior Court to appoint special hearing officers in the Justice Court to decide these cases.
In cases of domestic violence and harassment, the Justice Court may issue restraining orders. In felony matters, the court has authority to issue search warrants.